Evolutionary Governance Theory
Evolutionary governance theory (EGT) is a perspective on governance which takes co-evolution seriously. It distinguishes elements of governance which shape each other over time: actors and institutions, power and knowledge, formal and informal institutions, levels of governance, and last but not least the governance system and its embedding community. EGT has been applied to different issues, from mining over forestry, urban planning and coastal governance, to rural development, post-socialist transition, democratic innovation and questions of resilience.
For EGT, change always happens in governance, either intentionally or simply by repeated interactions between the various elements of the governance system and between system, community and environment. Whether intended or unintended, some changes are more likely than others, some strategic directions and steps are easier to coordinate than others. Each attempt to coordinate, moreover, will have intended and unintended consequences.
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