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Inclusion & Exclusion

There is no law of nature that tells us who should be included in governance, and whose knowledge and stories should count. Democratic theory usually says: all and everything! Which is great, except that each theory and each really existing community has a different idea on what ‘all’ means. We think it’s better to see governance as always organized differently, and in the history of a particular system, a unique pattern of inclusion and exclusion emerges. Which might have to be altered, of course.  

In this book we discuss issues of inclusion and exclusion.



​Duineveld, M., Van Assche, K., Beunen, R. (2013) ‘Malta’s unintentional consequences: Archaeological heritage and the politics of exclusion in the Netherlands’, Public Archaeology, 12, 3: 139-154.

Duineveld, M., Van Assche, K., Beunen, R. (2013) ‘Making things irreversible. Object stabilization in urban planning and design’, Geoforum, 46: 16-24. 

Beunen, R, Van Assche, K., Duineveld, M. (2013) ‘Performing failure in conservation policy. The implementation of European Union directives in the Netherlands’, Land Use Policy, 31: 280-288.

Van Assche, K., Duineveld, M., Beunen, R., Teampau, P. (2011) ‘Delineating locals. Transformations of knowledge/ power and the governance of the Danube delta’, Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 13, 1, 1-21.

Van Assche, K., Verschraegen, G., Salukvadze, J. (2010) ‘Changing frames. Expert and citizen participation in Georgian planning’, Planning Practice and Research, 25, 3: 377- 395.

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