Strategy for us is possible at the level of communities, not just individuals and organizations. Community strategies do have to find a place in governance, then. They do not need to take one particular form, they do not need to be a plan (although plans can productively play such role) and they do not need to be written down. What is more important, is that they fulfill a role, i.e., they coordinate and persuade. They are tools of coordination that connect other tools and require association with an inspiring or at least persuasive narrative. Strategy has to be crafted, and it has to be adapted.
Van Assche, K., Verschraegen, G., Gruezmacher, M. (2021) Strategy for Collectives and common goods: Coordinating strategy, long term perspectives and policy domains in governance, Futures
Van Assche, K., Beunen, R., Gruezmacher, M., & Duineveld, M. (2020). Rethinking strategy in environmental governance. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 1-14.https://doi.org/10.1080/1523908X.2020.1768834
Van Assche, K., Beunen, R., & Duineveld, M. (2020). Strategy in complexity: the shaping of communities and environments. In G. de Roo, ed. Handbook on Planning and Complexity. Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 151-170.
Van Assche, K., Gruezmacher, M., & Deacon, L. (2020). Land use tools for tempering boom and bust: Strategy and capacity building in governance. Land Use Policy, 93 (1) 103994.
Van Assche, K., Gruezmacher, M., & Deacon, L. (2019). Mapping institutional work as a method for local strategy; learning from boom/bust dynamics in the Canadian west. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 62(1), 51-71.