Yes, governance is complex and yes, many forms of knowledge and methods of knowledge creation are involved. Many think that it's a matter of completing a puzzle. While neither governance nor the construction of knowledge work like that. Within the same governance system, very different forms of thinking and organizing can coexist, and the result is not a comprehensive map of the world, nor a set of compatible tools to reshape that world. Models and simulations are alluring but contribute to this forgetting that it's not a puzzle.
New paper in Futures, with Gert Verschraegen, Monica Gruezmacher, Martijn Duineveld and Raoul Beunen: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016328722001744